[Epub] ↠ Haz İlkesinin Ötesinde/Ben ve İd Author Sigmund Freud – Ralphslaurensoutlet.co.uk

Haz İlkesinin Ötesinde/Ben ve İd Many of us will also find it hard to abandon our belief that in man himself there dwells an impulse towards perfection, which has brought him to his present heights of intellectual prowess and ethical sublimation, and from which it might be expected that his development into superman will be ensured But I do not believe in the existence of such an inner impulse, and I see no way of preserving this pleasing illusion The development of man up to now does not seem to me to need any exp Many of us will also find it hard to abandon our belief that in man himself there dwells an impulse towards perfection, which has brought him to his present heights of intellectual prowess and ethical sublimation, and from which it might be expected that his development into superman will be ensured But I do not believe in the existence of such an inner impulse, and I see no way of preserving this pleasing illusion The development of man up to now does not seem to me to need any explanation differing from that of animal development, and the restless striving towards further perfection which may be observed in a minority of human beings is easily explicable as the result of that repression of instinct upon which what is most valuable in human culture is builtIt s been a very long time since I ve read a good book For my amazement, I enjoyed every page And I loved the scientific method Freud used to explain and view his theory I think, maybe, the death drive is one of the most important theories in psychology because it explains so many things in the human behavior.This is, truly, a book worth reading Being a late redesign of his metapsychological theory, this work is probably not the best primer to Freud s thoughts and works on the mind I ve been warned This made me have to recur to some external sources to fully grasp all his previous theories With the help of that external sourcing it did give me a good synthesis or understanding of his main thoughts regarding the economy of the mind through the pleasure principle , its topography the id, ego and superego and its dynamic process Be Being a late redesign of his metapsychological theory, this work is probably not the best primer to Freud s thoughts and works on the mind I ve been warned This made me have to recur to some external sources to fully grasp all his previous theories With the help of that external sourcing it did give me a good synthesis or understanding of his main thoughts regarding the economy of the mind through the pleasure principle , its topography the id, ego and superego and its dynamic process Beyond this most known first model of his theory of human motivation and behavior the dualism between the pleasure instinct and the instinct for self preservation, of which struggle many psychopathological states subdue this work reframes it all by presenting a different dualism the one between a death instinct and a life pleasure instinct Thanatos and Eros Love and Hate Affection and Agression Despite its poetic and dramatic aesthetics, my main problem with this reframed theory is the speculative, highly inductive and arguable path Freud took based on some empirical observations to arrive at it Some of its assumptions seem somehow dated or arguable regarding many neurobiological findings of today Freud himself admits the speculative nature of his thought and explicitly states he wished forexperimental data regarding the neurophysiological ways of the mind he so eagerly wants to understand.That being said, it was an enormous pleasure to read Freud and this particular work The richness of his thought and clinical work is still today noticeable in many fields of knowledge, from health to basic human understanding He writes beautifully and he must have been a marvelous mind to cross paths with In the end, it was after all a good primer although an arduous one to Freud and his Psychoanalysis and it definitely left me with the desire to know Freud concludes, even if tentatively, that the urge in life to return to the inorganic state, the so called death instinct which supposedly accounts for the compulsion to repeat traumatic experiences in one s dreams, for example does not really contradict the pleasure principle and in fact might even be appropriated by the latter for its own ends primary masochism. Beyond the pleasure principle is an unusual and ambiguous piece of work Freud presents an intriguing and controversy work In this essay, it s presented Freud s ideas about life sexual drive instincts Eros and the death drive concept as the main notions that conduct Human life.Eros is the analogy for sexual desires, harmony and pleasurable feelings, whereas the Death drive represents the deep urge for self destruction, aggression and unpleasurable feelings Freud describes these two opp Beyond the pleasure principle is an unusual and ambiguous piece of work Freud presents an intriguing and controversy work In this essay, it s presented Freud s ideas about life sexual drive instincts Eros and the death drive concept as the main notions that conduct Human life.Eros is the analogy for sexual desires, harmony and pleasurable feelings, whereas the Death drive represents the deep urge for self destruction, aggression and unpleasurable feelings Freud describes these two opposing drives and goes beyond the simple pleasure principle that drives Human behaviour Further, he explains all these terms in a clinical and speculative perspective Throughout the book, it s conveyed relevant topics about Human nature such as Biological basis for repetition compulsion, Masochism as a clinical manifestation, Independence from the pleasure principle, Child s play and Repetition compulsion Moreover, it s highlighted the importance of the libido within pleasurable feelings Freud, in this essay, blasts thought provoking thoughts, including the Death Drive concept It s not an easy term to diggest Therefore, it can be confusing and misinterpreted It s undoubtedly true that Humanity has some sort of inertia for chaos and destruction, including on a personal level Nonetheless, it s a vague term that laysquestion than answers It s interesting that Freud appeals to other scholar subjects like Biology and Philosophy to try to answer his main concepts of the Human Mind However, Freud s work has an intrinsically Historical value, which is an important factor that must be taken into account for any enthusiast of the Psychotherapy field This is definitely a book that lays confusing thoughts, but it s a challenge that makes any reader question the roots of the Human condition rating 3,5 5 stars OMGI m guessing that Freud was still doing hella coke when he wrote this It s kind of a hot mess.I can t say I enjoyed reading it Anyway.Freud defined the Pleasure Principle as the instinctive drive to seek pleasure and avoid pain.Freud thought of this as the basic motivational drive of the ID, which was Freuds construct referring to theanimalistic or primitive aspects of human nature Beyond the Pleasure Principle is Freuds attempt to identify other analogous principles of motivation F OMGI m guessing that Freud was still doing hella coke when he wrote this It s kind of a hot mess.I can t say I enjoyed reading it Anyway.Freud defined the Pleasure Principle as the instinctive drive to seek pleasure and avoid pain.Freud thought of this as the basic motivational drive of the ID, which was Freuds construct referring to theanimalistic or primitive aspects of human nature Beyond the Pleasure Principle is Freuds attempt to identify other analogous principles of motivation Freud describes human motivation as emerging from two opposing drives 1 Eros, which is typified by sexuality, creativity, and connection and reproduction, and 2 Thanatos, which is typified by the aggression, compulsion, and self destruction.Freud defines repartition compulsion as the drive to repeat a behavior or recreate an event over and over again, even when its not pleasurable For example, people who have been exposed to early life abuse and trauma sometimes recreate similar circumstances in their lives and reenact similar dynamics in their adult relationships.They are ostensibly in search of a different better outcome, refered to as a corrective experience in the parlance of psychodynamic psychotherapy These unconsciously sought corrective experiences are typically very elusive And that can mean getting unconsciously lured into increasingly destructive behaviors and dangerous situations where the traumatic event is likely to happen again and again.It may take good therapy to identify and deconstruct these issues, so that the individual can finally have the needed corrective experiences in a healthy,conscious, less driven form As I previously mentioned, the text is kind of tweaker, but those are the big takeaways by my accounting anyway.I think the text has immense historical value, but not a lot of therapeutic use value or validity by today s standards I m giving the text 5 stars because it s a classic, and it feels dumb and pretentious to give it less than that But unless you re interested in the history of psychology, or really into Freud, you can probably skip reading this source text, and rely on commentary and secondary sources for the important ideas Approaching its centennial, maybe this work will someday outgrow the misunderstandings promulgated by its adherents The infamous death drive is not Thanatos contra Eros it is not the romantic yearning to die or a particular person s suicidal tendencies What it IS is cautiously broached here Expect Freud to be Freud brilliant speculations laden with caveats, followed by long droning sections attempting to prove his Scientific mettle is sturdier than your ma s kettle. In Beyond the Pleasure principle, Freud introduced the concept of the death drive Up until now, Freud had asserted that most of human behavior could be attributed to the seeking of pleasure, which allows us to live longer and reproduce an example of this life drive is the pleasure people obtain from eating, sleeping, having sex, etc The death principle is the opposite of this Freud first noticed that this instinct manifested through the compulsion to repeat, especially in one of the thre In Beyond the Pleasure principle, Freud introduced the concept of the death drive Up until now, Freud had asserted that most of human behavior could be attributed to the seeking of pleasure, which allows us to live longer and reproduce an example of this life drive is the pleasure people obtain from eating, sleeping, having sex, etc The death principle is the opposite of this Freud first noticed that this instinct manifested through the compulsion to repeat, especially in one of the three categories of dreams, the first two being wish fulfillments and anxiety dreams In the first two categories, Freud still showed that they are able to provide individuals with some form of pleasure However, the third one, also known as punishment dreams, do not apparently do so Why do people keep dreaming about things that gave them trauma Why do people keep dreaming about things that provide them with negative feedback The answer is that through repetition there is a mastery over the emotional experience and a diminished sensation of emotions This also happens with pleasurable things such as tolerance of drugs such as when the exact same dose of a drug, after chronic use, produces less of an effect Or how a joke, after being listened to multiple times is no longer funny.This means that there is an economic system made out of pleasure and unpleasure tensions The first example of the pleasure principle being inhibited is with the reality principle babies cannot cry for a cookie, they have to learn to eat a proper meal first, say please, wait until tomorrow because he she had already ate a few, etc , which occurs through unpleasurable experiences the baby s immediate desire to eat the cookie was unfulfilled In the course of things it happens again and again that individual instincts drives or parts of instincts turn out to be incompatible in their aims or demands with the remaining ones, which are able to combine into the inclusive unity of the ego Thus, the dynamic system of the drives can be reduced to not a life vs death, but organic vs psychical where ego is the last defense.Going back to the repetition of trauma in dreams, it appears that there are masochistic trends in the ego This occurs because the death drive is redirected to the ego Or in other words, there is a reunification in the ego done by self deprecation and self rejection An example Freud uses to showcase Eros vs Thanatos is of a little kid who created a game in which he throws his toys, the ones that give him pleasure, away over and over again This repetition gave him the mastery over the feeling produced when an object that gave him pleasure was lost or in his case when his mother left Of course the feeling of abandonment forms part of the feeling of unpleasure I found interesting that even though Freud developed many of his theories through clinical experiences with his patients, he wrote no certain decision can be reached from the analysis of a single case like this He mentioned that the patients resistances arise from the ego and that the compulsion to repeat should be attributed to the unconscious repressed It seems probable that the compulsion can only express itself after the work of treatment has gone half way to meet it and has loosened the repression Therefore, liberation of the repressed produces unpleasure Our efforts, on the other hand, are directed towards procuring the toleration of that unpleasure by an appeal to the reality principle In other words, compulsion to repeat is the manifestation of the power of the repressed.Some points that I found interesting were that a sense of inferiority is common in neurotics, that they seek to bring interruption into treatment by demonstrating a compulsion to repeat, and that the unconscious is timeless Moreover, He continued, without challenging it, with the idea that consciousness was attributed by the cortex, which is something that now we know is not true Freud stated that he was going to introduce biological speculation to support the idea of a drive aimed at destruction He ended this section by stating that he was not confident he could believe in the hypothesis he provided, which we now know is not true Nevertheless, the idea of the death drive is accepted in psychoanalytic communities So the question arises of what are the implications of this drive and what are the dynamics it plays with the pleasure principle.Well, if the ego is the true and original reservoir of libido, then, narcissism is when an individual retains his libido in his ego and pays none of it out in object cathexes The same thing happens with the death drive Masochism is the death drive retained in the ego Is it not plausible to suppose that this sadism is in fact a death drive which, under the influence of the narcissistic libido, has been forced away from the ego and has consequently only emerged in relation to the ego It seems that both drives are also intertwined that pleasure only comes about by the destruction of the object such as food that has to be destroyed in order to be enjoyed Love from the object also equals its destruction.Freud said the aim of all life is death Schopenhauer stated while the sexual instinct is the embodiment of the will to live In this famously transitional work of 1920, Freud sets out to explain the prevalence of psychic activity that can t obviously be attributed to the organism s inclination to reduce tension, the reduction of which produces pleasure After all, as a clinician, he was seeing neurotic and hysterical patients very tense people So, via a speculative tour of psychoanalytic theory circa 1920 as well as of early 20th century biology, Freud arrives at the provisional conclusion that there are two drives In this famously transitional work of 1920, Freud sets out to explain the prevalence of psychic activity that can t obviously be attributed to the organism s inclination to reduce tension, the reduction of which produces pleasure After all, as a clinician, he was seeing neurotic and hysterical patients very tense people So, via a speculative tour of psychoanalytic theory circa 1920 as well as of early 20th century biology, Freud arrives at the provisional conclusion that there are two drives or instincts operating in organisms one that seeks to restore the equilibrium of inorganic life, to get back to the peace before birth, which is the death drive and one that seeks to carry life forward, to bind life up, to makelife, which is the life instinct, or Eros He allows in the book that he is echoing Schopenhauer on will death drive and representation life drive , and the translator s introduction draws Nietzsche into it presumably, Apollo Eros and Dionysus Thanatos But Freud s emphases are rather different from those of the earlier philosophers, both of whom conferred a kind of Gothic glamor on the Dionysian will to nothingness underlying organic existence Freud less reactionary butconservative, you might say is on the side of life he seems to see neurosis as the death drive s desperate end run around Eros, the defeat of the capacity for love on the way back to the placid equilibrium of the rocks and stones and trees This, the romance with death, is the sickness that needs to be cured in the eyes of Father Freud, the last Abrahamic patriarch, the last priest of Apollo, our last defender, albeit disguised as mere scientist, of Hebraic and Hellenic idealism both Toward the end of the book, he asserts Our views have from the very first been dualistic, and to day they are evendefinitely dualistic than before now that we describe the opposition as being, not between ego instincts and sexual instincts but between life instincts and death instincts.And after that, he nearly exclaims The pleasure principle seems actively to serve the death instincts.This is, incidentally, a jargon heavy book, a scientist s labor full of qualification and hesitations and humble assurances, not a work of Schopenhauerean lucidity or Nietzschean excitement you will have to go well beyond the pleasure principle to read it What if Eros in literature manifests as difficulty Maybe there s something to be guilty about in guilty pleasure reading after all In Reasoned Progression He Outlined Core Psychoanalytic Concepts, Such As Repression, Free Association And Libido Of The Various English Translations Of Freud S Major Works To Appear In His Lifetime, Only One Was Authorized By Freud Himself The Standard Edition Of The Complete Psychological Works Of Sigmund Freud Under The General Editorship Of James StracheyFreud Approved The Overall Editorial Plan, Specific Renderings Of Key Words And Phrases, And The Addition Of Valuable Notes, From Bibliographical And Explanatory Many Of The Translations Were Done By Strachey Himself The Rest Were Prepared Under His Supervision The Result Was To Place The Standard Edition In A Position Of Unquestioned Supremacy Over All Other Existing VersionsNewly Designed In A Uniform Format, Each New Paperback In The Standard Edition Opens With A Biographical Essay On Freud S Life And Work Along With A Note On The Individual Volume By Peter Gay, Sterling Professor Of History At Yale ➿ Como fazer Investigação, Dissertações, Teses e relatórios Free ➶ Author Maria José Sousa – Ralphslaurensoutlet.co.uk Such As Repression [BOOKS] ⚡ As Receitas da TV ✯ Maria de Lourdes Modesto – Ralphslaurensoutlet.co.uk Free Association And Libido Of The Various English Translations Of Freud S Major Works To Appear In His Lifetime [PDF] ❤ Os Objetos Supremos (Mundo de Bhardo, Author Livia Stocco – Ralphslaurensoutlet.co.uk Only One Was Authorized By Freud Himself The Standard Edition Of The Complete Psychological Works Of Sigmund Freud Under The General Editorship Of James StracheyFreud Approved The Overall Editorial Plan ✅ Mate Me [If You May] (The Millennium Wolves, PDF / Epub ⚣ Author Sapir Englard – Ralphslaurensoutlet.co.uk Specific Renderings Of Key Words And Phrases !!> PDF / Epub ✅ The Dog Who Spoke and More Mayan Folktales ❤ Author James D. Sexton – Ralphslaurensoutlet.co.uk And The Addition Of Valuable Notes ☉ Angular 2 Book PDF / Epub ❤ Author Nathan Wu – Ralphslaurensoutlet.co.uk From Bibliographical And Explanatory Many Of The Translations Were Done By Strachey Himself The Rest Were Prepared Under His Supervision The Result Was To Place The Standard Edition In A Position Of Unquestioned Supremacy Over All Other Existing VersionsNewly Designed In A Uniform Format [PDF / Epub] ✈ The State of Creativity ☀ James Griffin – Ralphslaurensoutlet.co.uk Each New Paperback In The Standard Edition Opens With A Biographical Essay On Freud S Life And Work Along With A Note On The Individual Volume By Peter Gay Epub ➛ Haywire Author Brooke Hayward – Ralphslaurensoutlet.co.uk Sterling Professor Of History At Yale Although it s a pain to read yes, even though it s short and you could easily find a summary online, I definitely recommend reading the primary source, as Freud s ideas have been misinterpreted in such a way that even popular culture has altered the interpretation of his theories Freud s notion of the Death drive is especially a tricky one, as it does not actually refer to the desire for death, or the supposed Thanatos, as it has been termed, but rather a desire to a primordial inorganic stat Although it s a pain to read yes, even though it s short and you could easily find a summary online, I definitely recommend reading the primary source, as Freud s ideas have been misinterpreted in such a way that even popular culture has altered the interpretation of his theories Freud s notion of the Death drive is especially a tricky one, as it does not actually refer to the desire for death, or the supposed Thanatos, as it has been termed, but rather a desire to a primordial inorganic state, in order to maintain a low level of excitation Whoever simply Googles the term, will get the wrong idea completely I have to add that Freud is highly speculative about his theories himself, so don t expect a well rounded theory that explains in detail how traumatic neurosis or the Death drive for that matter, manifest itself in practice What you get is a sort of stream of consciousness about the workings of the mind that is subjected to trauma.As I ve mentioned, not an easy read, but once you get the gist, it s really a great insight into the psychoanalytics of trauma


About the Author: Sigmund Freud

Dr Sigismund Freud later changed to Sigmund was a neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, who created an entirely new approach to the understanding of the human personality He is regarded as one of the most influential and controversial minds of the 20th century.In 1873, Freud began to study medicine at the University of Vienna After graduating, he worked at the Vienna General Hospital He collaborated with Josef Breuer in treating hysteria by the recall of painful experiences under hypnosis In 1885, Freud went to Paris as a student of the neurologist Jean Charcot On his return to Vienna the following year, Freud set up in private practice, specialising in nervous and brain disorders The same year he married Martha Bernays, with whom he had six children.Freud developed the theory that humans have an unconscious in which sexual and aggressive impulses are in perpetual conflict for supremacy with the defences against them In 1897, he began an intensive analysis of himself In 1900, his major work The Interpretation of Dreams was published in which Freud analysed dreams in terms of unconscious desires and experiences.In 1902, Freud was appointed Professor of Neuropathology at the University of Vienna, a post he held until 1938 Although the medical establishment disagreed with many of his theories, a group of pupils and followers began to gather around Freud In 1910, the International Psychoanalytic Association was founded with Carl Jung, a close associate of Freud s, as the president Jung later broke with Freud and developed his own theories.After World War One, Freud spent less time in clinical observation and concentrated on the application of his theories to history, art, literature and anthropology In 1923, he published The Ego and the Id , which suggested a new structural model of the mind, divided into the id, the ego and the superego.In 1933, the Nazis publicly burnt a number of Freud s books In 1938, shortly after the Nazis annexed Austria, Freud left Vienna for London with his wife and daughter Anna.Freud had been diagnosed with cancer of the jaw in 1923, and underwentthan 30 operations He died of cancer on 23 September 1939.


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