Rationality: From AI to Zombies ePUB ß Rationality:

Rationality: From AI to Zombies Confession The ideas in this book helped shape my identity and gave my life a direction.Do you,a want to improve yourself as a human being, orb think that Nah, I m pretty much fine the way I currently am If you said yes to either question, this book is for you It is a revelation that will make you a better human being And the fact remains that it is usually those who think themselves wise that need a wake up call the most.You will learn that you are wrong about most of the things most of Confession The ideas in this book helped shape my identity and gave my life a direction.Do you,a want to improve yourself as a human being, orb think that Nah, I m pretty much fine the way I currently am If you said yes to either question, this book is for you It is a revelation that will make you a better human being And the fact remains that it is usually those who think themselves wise that need a wake up call the most.You will learn that you are wrong about most of the things most of the time And you need to learn that, even though it hurts But you will also learn how to live with that, even embrace the fact.You will learn to spot when you are being wrong, and stop yourself And you will be thankful of that fact.You will learn that being rational and logical does not equal being inhuman, cold or oblivious to the social environment around you, as Hollywood would have it On the contrary, you will learnabout yourself, other people and the way humans work, and how to improve the quality of life of yourself and those around you.You will learn that the universe is a beautiful place You will discover the joy of trying to understand it a little better.You will learn a set of tools to see everything in a new light.It is time to update the humanity This book does the job.Actually, it is not one single book, but instead six books rolled into one And, to beprecise, it is the the comprised totality of the author s blog posts in Overcoming Bias and Less Wrong which he wrote during the late half of the 00s and which have since given birth to a community dedicated to living their lives rationally and promoting rationalistic ideas around the world.The book itself is comprised of six books with varying themes disclaimer they are merely my own understanding of what the parts are about, and only comprise a fraction of their contents I Map and Territory What is rationality What does it really mean to be rational Why is is valuable to care about the truth II How to Actually Change Your Mind How do I become rational How do I avoid the pitfalls along the way What are the basic tools I should master III The Machine in the Ghost Why is it that human beings have not evolved into fully rational thinkers How do the neural networks in our brain work IV Mere Reality How to observe and live in the one universe that actually is there How does science work What is quantum physics and why should I care V Mere Goodness How to rationally investigate ethics What is valuable How to be human as efficiently as possible VI Becoming Stronger How can I put this into practice Where do I muster the strength to keep improving myself And various observations about what it is like to be a rational being in a community Ok, I should now probably point out that the book is around 1800 pages long That may scare you, which is understandable However, I believe some books and sections areimportant,fundamental than others Book I ignites the spark that is rationality and serves as a good introduction, but personally, I think Book II is the most important one Read that, at least.And now, time for a pros and cons list.Things I like about the book It is a vastly important book WHY on EARTH don t we teach these things to our kids in schools One might think that a book about rationality is destined to be a dry one Well, one would be wrong, then The text is personal reading it is almost intimate at times Sometimes it reads like a guide, sometimes it reads like a sales pitch, sometimes it reads like a love letter The format approximately 343 bite sized chapters of only a few pages makes it simple to digest Suggestion read one chapter a day, you ll be finished with it in about a year Things that I dislike Could have used some editing Maybe some of the chapters are not that essential in the grand scheme of things In addition to the introductions, which were okay, maybe summaries would have been in order as well So, what did we learn in this sequence Bullet points As it is, the book is essentially just the totality of blog posts with only some structure.In summary 4,5 stars The content is clearly worth five stars but I find the transformation from blog posts to a series of books lacking Maybe could have left some chapters out, or combined them It s hard to pick and choose what sequences or chapters to read Ah, maybe I ll just read it all in order, from cover to cover, then What does it actually mean to be rational Not Hollywood style rational, where you forsake all human feeling to embrace Cold Hard Logic Real rationality, of the sort studied by psychologists, social scientists, and mathematicians The kind of rationality where you make good decisions, even when it s hard where you reason well, even in the face of massive uncertainty where you recognize and make full use of your fuzzy intuitions and emotions, rather than trying to discard them In Rationality From AI to Zombies, Eliezer Yudkowsky explains the science underlying human irrationality with a mix of fables, argumentative essays, and personal vignettes These eye opening accounts of how the mind works and how, all too often, it doesn t are then put to the test through some genuinely difficult puzzles computer scientists debates about the future of artificial intelligence AI , physicists debates about the relationship between the quantum and classical worlds, philosophers debates about the metaphysics of zombies and the nature of morality, and many In the process, Rationality From AI to Zombies delves into the human significance of correct reasoning deeply than you ll find in any conventional textbook on cognitive science or philosophy of mind A decision theorist and researcher at the Machine Intelligence Research Institute, Yudkowsky published earlier drafts of his writings to the websites Overcoming Bias and Less Wrong Rationality From AI to Zombies compiles six volumes of Yudkowsky s essays into a single electronic tome Collectively, these sequences of linked essays serve as a rich and lively introduction to the science and the art of human rationality ❰PDF / Epub❯ ☀ Poltergeist (Greywalker, Author Kat Richardson – Ralphslaurensoutlet.co.uk where you forsake all human feeling to embrace Cold Hard Logic Real rationality ➣ [Epub] ➝ OBaby By Geoffrey Johnson ➭ – Ralphslaurensoutlet.co.uk of the sort studied by psychologists ❰Download❯ ➽ Defiant (MacKinnons Rangers, Author Pamela Clare – Ralphslaurensoutlet.co.uk social scientists ❥ [KINDLE] ❂ 21 Divisiones de Los Misterios Sanses By Ernesto Bravo Estrada ➢ – Ralphslaurensoutlet.co.uk and mathematicians The kind of rationality where you make good decisions ❴EPUB❵ ✺ Nightfall (Dark Age Dawning, Author Ellen Connor – Ralphslaurensoutlet.co.uk even when it s hard where you reason well [KINDLE] ❅ The Good Daughter ❥ Karin Slaughter – Ralphslaurensoutlet.co.uk even in the face of massive uncertainty where you recognize and make full use of your fuzzy intuitions and emotions [Read] ➵ Crysis Author Peter Watts – Ralphslaurensoutlet.co.uk rather than trying to discard them In Rationality From AI to Zombies ➿ [Download] ➽ Fractured (Will Trent, By Karin Slaughter ➵ – Ralphslaurensoutlet.co.uk Eliezer Yudkowsky explains the science underlying human irrationality with a mix of fables ❰Epub❯ ➜ Ghost Author Fred Burton – Ralphslaurensoutlet.co.uk argumentative essays [Reading] ➷ Nerve By Dick Francis – Ralphslaurensoutlet.co.uk and personal vignettes These eye opening accounts of how the mind works and how [Download] ➾ Cinco Dias de Vida By Julie Lawson Timmer – Ralphslaurensoutlet.co.uk all too often [Read] ➮ Backstage ➶ Nikki Turner – Ralphslaurensoutlet.co.uk it doesn t are then put to the test through some genuinely difficult puzzles computer scientists debates about the future of artificial intelligence AI [EPUB] ✼ Bodily Harm Author Margaret Atwood – Ralphslaurensoutlet.co.uk physicists debates about the relationship between the quantum and classical worlds [Download] ➻ Shadow Land Author Peter Straub – Ralphslaurensoutlet.co.uk philosophers debates about the metaphysics of zombies and the nature of morality ✹ [BOOKS] ✭ Beauty By Lisa Daily ❃ – Ralphslaurensoutlet.co.uk and many In the process ❴KINDLE❵ ❆ Hexes and Hemlines (A Witchcraft Mystery, Author Juliet Blackwell – Ralphslaurensoutlet.co.uk Rationality From AI to Zombies delves into the human significance of correct reasoning deeply than you ll find in any conventional textbook on cognitive science or philosophy of mind A decision theorist and researcher at the Machine Intelligence Research Institute [PDF / Epub] ❤ Pink ✅ Gus Van Sant – Ralphslaurensoutlet.co.uk Yudkowsky published earlier drafts of his writings to the websites Overcoming Bias and Less Wrong Rationality From AI to Zombies compiles six volumes of Yudkowsky s essays into a single electronic tome Collectively [PDF / Epub] ☀ Underground (Greywalker, ✍ Kat Richardson – Ralphslaurensoutlet.co.uk these sequences of linked essays serve as a rich and lively introduction to the science and the art of human rationality If I could have read just one book in my whole life, this would be it. Whew, I have finally finished Rationality from AI to Zombies by Eliezer Yudkowsky, which is a collection of his posts from overcomingbias.com and lesswrong.com, organized in sequences sequences of posts on the same topic.What does it mean to be rational Why is that a good idea to act rationally What prevents us from making optimal decisions How can we fix ourselves Do we even need fixing if we feel happy Why rationalists are notsuccessful than other people This large collecti Whew, I have finally finished Rationality from AI to Zombies by Eliezer Yudkowsky, which is a collection of his posts from overcomingbias.com and lesswrong.com, organized in sequences sequences of posts on the same topic.What does it mean to be rational Why is that a good idea to act rationally What prevents us from making optimal decisions How can we fix ourselves Do we even need fixing if we feel happy Why rationalists are notsuccessful than other people This large collection of essays explores huge number of questions, including the ones above It will help you understand human brain, evolution, quantum mechanics, foundations of science, probability theory a little bit better, and will likely let you see some of these topics in a new light I even want now to get understanding of physics, the desire I remember experiencing last time about five years ago.Also, thanks to this book there arethan 15 new titles on my to read list.I seriously consider this to be the most useful and thought provoking book I ve read admittedly, my sample of books is rather small, but still Reviewed as part of my 100 books challenge Sentence SummaryRationality, a long and meandering collection of posts from the blog Less Wrong, purports to instruct people how to leverage probability and and understanding human biases to be better but squanders the premise digressing and bashing religion.ImpressionsThe promise of this book is enticing We are told that by learning to behave rationally, we will behaveoptimally and see the worldcl Reviewed as part of my 100 books challenge Sentence SummaryRationality, a long and meandering collection of posts from the blog Less Wrong, purports to instruct people how to leverage probability and and understanding human biases to be better but squanders the premise digressing and bashing religion.ImpressionsThe promise of this book is enticing We are told that by learning to behave rationally, we will behaveoptimally and see the worldclearly I was hoping for something technical, and at times it delivered There lots of fancy terms, such as his Conservation of Expected Evidence, which states that The expectation of the posterior probability, after viewing the evidence, must equal the prior probability P H P H,E P H, E P H P H E P E P H, E P E Therefore, for every expectation of evidence, there is an equal and opposite expectation of counterevidence For example, he cites how during WWII, it was argued in congress that the fact that there was a conspicuous lack of sabotage from Japanese citizens in the United States implied an organized fifth column This idea seems superficially plausible However, by the Conservation of Expected Evidence, for this belief to be valid, that would mean the presence of sabotage would have to be evidence against a fifth column existing, an idea that is clearly absurd.As implied by the subtitle, this book is long my kindle clocks it in at an average reading time of 34 hours and unfortunately, the good bits are few and far between Rationality is not really a book, but a copy of every rambling post from his blog, loosely sorted into general themes If he had made any real effort of condensing the material into an actual book, it would have been farenjoyable and might have actually reached some form of cogent thesis.Yudkowsky is annoying and arrogant, constantly referencing how busy he is reading complicated math papers He grandiloquently proclaims how it is his moral duty to bring the noble cause of rationality to the people, but instead spends half the book taking pot shots at fundamentalist Christians and other easy targets About one, he recounts, Most people like this will pretend that they are much too wise to talk to atheists, but she was willing to talk with me for a few hours Perhaps it doesn t occur to him that these people might not want to talk to him because he is a condescending asshole Yudkowsky also authored Harry Potter and the Methods of Rationality, a fanfiction that explores what would happen if Harry Potter behaved intelligently and rationally I disliked the book, because instead of being the paragon rationality as promised, Harry just comes off as a petulant little brat At the time I assumed that his immaturity was simply a plot device, but now as I read Rationality, I got the uneasy feeling that this is how Yudkowsky views himself, and thinks he is better for it.I was determined not to let my personal distaste stand in the way of learning, but once again, it just wasn t worth it and I could not bring myself to finish it.Final ThoughtsOne of the first arguments in the book is that rationality is not the same thing as it is portrayed in Hollywood Unlike the cold spock archetype, rationality and emotion can coexist I agree with this premise in general, but I d still argue that Yudkowsky s shortcoming is his lack of empathy The extremely high rating of the book on goodreads seems to be due to the fact that only his cult following has picked it up Maybe if he had given the readerthought, he could organize this book in aaccessible way and actually reach a wider audience.Favorite Quote If you see your activities and situation originally, you will be able to originally see your goals as well If you can look with fresh eyes, as though for the first time, you will see yourself doing things that you would never dream of doing if they were not habits Imagine a bunch of blog posts the almost the length of the bible but scintillating, humorous, and inciteful, and original I enjoyed this book quite a bit and learned many new things from it I don t know if I buy everything in them but I enjoyed the exploration and mental workout they provided It covers rationality, AI, consciousness, Many Worlds Interpretation, ethics, and an autobiographical bit by the author The writing style is very engaging if sprawling I recommend to anyone who likes Imagine a bunch of blog posts the almost the length of the bible but scintillating, humorous, and inciteful, and original I enjoyed this book quite a bit and learned many new things from it I don t know if I buy everything in them but I enjoyed the exploration and mental workout they provided It covers rationality, AI, consciousness, Many Worlds Interpretation, ethics, and an autobiographical bit by the author The writing style is very engaging if sprawling I recommend to anyone who likes new ideas Warning there is some opinionated polemic but mostly interesting stuff Do you consider yourself rational Do you think being rational is important After reading this book, my answers to these questions are not very much at all and it s the most important thing in the world More than anything I ve read before, this book gives me the sense of being important, in a way that ifpeople read this book and get it then the world would be a much, much nicer place to live.So, what s this book about Like the title says, it handles the subject of rationality not Do you consider yourself rational Do you think being rational is important After reading this book, my answers to these questions are not very much at all and it s the most important thing in the world More than anything I ve read before, this book gives me the sense of being important, in a way that ifpeople read this book and get it then the world would be a much, much nicer place to live.So, what s this book about Like the title says, it handles the subject of rationality not the Hollywood stereotype of the emotionless rational person, but rationality as the Art of actually archieving your goals, or systematized winning as the author puts it Rationality in this sense is not merely some personality trait, but a MORAL imperative if you re serious about doing as much Good as possible as the book argues muchin depth.The topics of the book are very broad they range from cognitive biases, Bayesian statistics, and the nature of intelligence to politics, religion, science, evolution, AI, philosophy, quantum mechanics, and morality The common element in all these topics is that Yudkowski uses each of them to point out the ways in which our usual way of thinking leads us astray and how to undertake the difficult task of becomingrational i.e actually winning at life Perhaps the best thing about this book is how it regularly it will completely shatter your beliefs about each of the subjects it touches or at least for me it did Yudkowski s writing style is very direct and animated, but he s not afraid to get technical when required I m a big fan of his writing but I ve heard of other people that they absolutely can t stand it So it s probably best if you just read something by him and judge for yourself.Perhaps the greatest point of critique I have against the book is that while reading it may fill you with the need to becomerational, it doesn t mean you automatically becomerational as a consequence But that s not the fault of the book, but just a sign that this stuff is incredibly hard There really should beopportunities to train your rationality skills in practice, something Yudkowski also talks about in the final parts of the book.There s also a few other things I didn t like though I don t consider them deal breakers in the slightest The book actually 6 books in one is very long 1750 pages is nothing to sneeze at Though even just reading the first part would be worthwhile The book is basically an edited collection of blog posts, this means it often jumps from one topic to another or conversely repeats a point many times The author rants a lot about religion It s understandable given his background, but for someone who s already an atheist living among other atheists it gets boring after a while In conclusion, I think the ideas in this book can and should be presented in auniversally compelling and accessible way But that shouldn t stop you from reading it, as there currently is nothing else quite like it It may very well be the most important thing you read in your life To finish this review, here are some of my favorite quotes If what you believe doesn t depend om what you see, you ve been blinded as effectively as by poking out your eyeballs If science is a religion, it is the religion that heals the sick and reveals the secrets of the stars The world s greatest fool may say the sun is shining, but that doesn t make it dark out You cannot obtaintruth for a fixed proposition by arguing it To improve our beliefs, we must necessarily change our beliefs There is never an idea so true that it s wrong to criticize any argument that supports it That which can be destroyed by the truth should be When the basic problem is your ignorance, clever strategies for bypassing your ignorance lead to shooting yourself in the foot The truly important problems are often the ones you re not even considering, because they appear to be impossible, or, um, actually difficult, or worst of all, not clear how to solve It is written nowhere in the math of probability theory that one may have no fun This long, long, long, blog collection in the name of a book has countless flaws, but its biggest achievement is it makes one think.I should modify that it makes its readers think based on where sciences and technologies are today If one picks up any philosopher from previous centuries, their work might appear muchstructured, pathbreaking, readable and or comprehensive but almost always misguided based on what we know today To learn something even from the best works of the greatest of This long, long, long, blog collection in the name of a book has countless flaws, but its biggest achievement is it makes one think.I should modify that it makes its readers think based on where sciences and technologies are today If one picks up any philosopher from previous centuries, their work might appear muchstructured, pathbreaking, readable and or comprehensive but almost always misguided based on what we know today To learn something even from the best works of the greatest of all time, one needs to bin far too much and reinterpret the rest as the work based on the knowledge available at the times of these thinkers is proven almost decidedly inadequate if not wrong with the scientific progress of recent decades Most recent era philosophers still spend fartime trying to improve on the fundamentals of these greats, rather than Mr Yudkowsky who has no space even to mention any Aristotle, or Kant or Nietzche and likes not wholly true as there are occasional mentions.A collection of blog does not make a good book The hundreds of chapters are disjointed and repetitive in equal measure all through The short length articles are great in negating various theories, while one never gets a full description of the author s own construct The author is at his best in shooting down what he deems as wrong ideas, although many of the gaps in his own thesis are never addressed The repetitiveness is worse than one may have come across in any book, as blog articles themselves were rarely edited by any professional, but what isegregious is almost no selection in the collection arguments repeat in toto as many as ten ortimes in certain cases As the book progresses, one sees the author s own idea evolution a term he hates for little reason outside the Darwinian sphere like some other including emergence while preferring identical terms like reductionism where he seems to be contradicting some arguments he made earlier There is nothing wrong in one s idea development, as the author vividly describes in the book, except that consistency within a single volume is generally helpful These are trifles, in a way This reviewer has developed his own theory of rationality as a result of all the thinking he was forced to do The description below completely my own is a result of the book and not representative of the author s views in any form or shape Some may find that useful to the extent they are understandable The arguments are basic and needrefinement, but worth putting down here in case they make anyone think.To start with, I am not a professional thinker Neither have I spent time writing this down formally, without errors, or to encompass many situations that would not fit the model below Yet, what I intend to show is the limitations of rationality, the reasons behind reductionism emergence, why we will always need philosophers and a few other things the book does not mention Rationality in a way is Domain specific Say, it is possible for one to start with a set of givens G1 And, one has an analytical G1 independent process toolset T1 In the world we live in, G1 T1 interactions could explain manythings in a domain D1 However, the domain explained is limited and the rationales behind G1 T1 are unfathomable Over time, G1 T1 could expand andcould be explained, but the domain explained is only a small sub set of the vast reality we have Those who learn from the reality to believe in such G s, T s and D s where they exist, work in their improvements and manipulations to improve our existence are rationals For example, the toolset could include the Bayesian methods, all math equations and similar while one is working on the quarks and basic particles along with fields the givens G set to explain the domain that would explain a proton or a neutron Yet, the quarks will not explain our politicians, or the evolution of life, or the oceans or even a hydrogen atom To explain elements, one needs a different givens like protons and neutrons and possibly different tools Like to explain the characteristics of a river or an ocean flow, the givens cannot be hydrogen or oxygen atoms or even water molecules Same goes if one tries to explain human choices or Big Bang or the working of a plane.There are thousands of domains, and there are huge gaps in our knowledge in the form of how or why these domains emerge and gaps between them What works within these domains is always baffling, and not just with equations like the quantum theory or the workings of our DNA or mind We have to simply take reality as given and develop those paths where we understandandof domains with those Gs and Ts Gs and Ts need not be a small set They need not be simple Like they need not be deterministic Here is why rationality is bounded itself Why quarks combine to produce a proton of a totally different characteristics, why a water molecule has no resemblance to its constituents, why the DNA works the way it works the number of such questions remain infinite not just what came before the Big Bang or could happen eventually This is why those who try to fill those knowledge gaps with their own narratives, be they religious leaders, philosophers, dreamers or even rationalists, should not be grudged Over time, most such narrative based explanations will appear hopelessly simple, but few could simply be agnostic to everything not fully covered by some such Ds, Ts, and Gs.In other words, rationality itself is based on reality which is anything but rational Those of us who are quick to damn the romantics or the religious have our own numerous simplistic ideas whose underlying assumptions we bury in a mountain of unsubstantiated arguments One does not need to forgive or ignore every hopeless narrative based idea or thinker, but equally one does not need to be completely dismissive either The framework presented here could make onetolerant of belief in consciousness as a given in explaining many human affairs It would explain why emergence is an important way to describe suddent appearances of domains and their limited applicabilities from quarks, one cannot go to DNAs for example Most importantly, this could prove a good framework to understand what machines can learn and what they cannot completely on their own, and the givens they will need.The above framework may not have any use But, the book made me think This will be the case for most who go through this turgid volume In fact, the above is just one of the tens of times the author made me think of something new or say aha at something he presented Did not finish, read about a third Full of thought provoking comments and logic But written as a collection of essays with an incessant anti religion theme Tried to keep plowing through, but gave up His definition of rationality and belief in the divine don t seem to be compatible Favorite quote You cannot obtaintruth for a fixed proposition by arguing it you can makepeople believe it, but you cannot make ittrue. For somebody engaged in the rationalist community and Yudkowsky s other work, AI to Zombies is an epic tome filled with insight, terror, humor, and context around rationality, AI risk, and philosophy It s very rough around the edges in pacing and tone, though, so hard to recommend to somebody not already invested in the author and his ideas.


About the Author: Eliezer Yudkowsky

From Wikipedia Eliezer Shlomo Yudkowsky is an American artificial intelligence researcher concerned with the singularity and an advocate of friendly artificial intelligence, living in Redwood City, California.Yudkowsky did not attend high school and is an autodidact with no formal education in artificial intelligence He co founded the nonprofit Singularity Institute for Artificial Intelligence SIAI in 2000 and continues to be employed as a full time Research Fellow there.Yudkowsky s research focuses on Artificial Intelligence theory for self understanding, self modification, and recursive self improvement seed AI and also on artificial intelligence architectures and decision theories for stably benevolent motivational structures Friendly AI, and Coherent Extrapolated Volition in particular Apart from his research work, Yudkowsky has written explanations of various philosophical topics in non academic language, particularly on rationality, such as An Intuitive Explanation of Bayes Theorem.Yudkowsky was, along with Robin Hanson, one of the principal contributors to the blog Overcoming Bias sponsored by the Future of Humanity Institute of Oxford University In early 2009, he helped to found Less Wrong, a community blog devoted to refining the art of human rationality The Sequences on Less Wrong, comprising over two years of blog posts on epistemology, Artificial Intelligence, and metaethics, form the single largest bulk of Yudkowsky s writing.


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