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The Divers' Game With simple, direct prose, The Divers Game reads like a dark fable, or perhaps a folktale beamed backwards through time from a distant future It s a dystopian other worldly setting, in which our present civilisation has passed out of living memory where zoos arelike museums of extinction, and citizens arm themselves with canisters of brightly coloured gas to be deployed with lethal force against the immigrant classes, at the slightest affront The novel comprises four short set pieces With simple, direct prose, The Divers Game reads like a dark fable, or perhaps a folktale beamed backwards through time from a distant future It s a dystopian other worldly setting, in which our present civilisation has passed out of living memory where zoos arelike museums of extinction, and citizens arm themselves with canisters of brightly coloured gas to be deployed with lethal force against the immigrant classes, at the slightest affront The novel comprises four short set pieces somewhere between short story and novella length each with a different set of characters Linked through their shared invented world, as well as in smaller, subtler ways, these pieces have a fever dream strangeness and a brooding tension Ball has written a striking parable of xenophobia, our capacity for violence, the human instinct to form in groups and others , whether it be on a grand scale or a minute one, and what happens when that instinct goes unchecked With economy of style and clarity of purpose, The Divers Game is a thoughtful gem From the inimitable mind of award winning author Jesse Ball, a novel about an unsettlingly familiar society that has renounced the concept of equality and the devastating consequences of unmitigated powerThe old fashioned struggle for fairness has finally been abandoned It was a misguided endeavor The world is divided into two groups, pats and quads The pats may kill the quads as they like, and do The quads have no recourse but to continue with their livesThe Divers Game is a thinly veiled description of our society, an extreme case that demonstrates a truth we must change or our world will collapseWhat is the effect of constant fear on a life, or on a culture The Divers Game explores the consequences of violence through two festivals, and through the dramatic and excruciating examination of a woman s final momentsBrilliantly constructed and achingly tender, The Divers Game shatters the notion of common decency as the binding agent between individuals, forcing us to consider whether compassion is intrinsic to the human experience With his signature empathy and ingenuity, Jesse Ball s latest work solidifies his reputation as one of contemporary fiction s most mesmerizing talents ✫ Fisica 1 - Principios y Problemas Books ✭ Author Paul W. Zitzewitz – Ralphslaurensoutlet.co.uk a novel about an unsettlingly familiar society that has renounced the concept of equality and the devastating consequences of unmitigated powerThe old fashioned struggle for fairness has finally been abandoned It was a misguided endeavor The world is divided into two groups [BOOKS] ✬ The Beautiful Disruption By G.G. Renee Hill – Ralphslaurensoutlet.co.uk pats and quads The pats may kill the quads as they like ➸ [Read] ➳ Games Rednecks Play By Jeff Foxworthy ➽ – Ralphslaurensoutlet.co.uk and do The quads have no recourse but to continue with their livesThe Divers Game is a thinly veiled description of our society [PDF / Epub] ☁ The Magic Cottage By James Herbert – Ralphslaurensoutlet.co.uk an extreme case that demonstrates a truth we must change or our world will collapseWhat is the effect of constant fear on a life [PDF] ✪ Practical Object-Oriented Design in Ruby: An Agile Primer (Addison-Wesley Professional Ruby Series) 1, Sandi Metz, eBook - Amazon.com Par Sandi Metz – Ralphslaurensoutlet.co.uk or on a culture The Divers Game explores the consequences of violence through two festivals ☁ [PDF / Epub] ☀ Eski Yunanca - Türkçe Sözlük By Güler Çelgin ✎ – Ralphslaurensoutlet.co.uk and through the dramatic and excruciating examination of a woman s final momentsBrilliantly constructed and achingly tender ➝ [Epub] ❦ Dont Leave Me Alone By GG ➧ – Ralphslaurensoutlet.co.uk The Divers Game shatters the notion of common decency as the binding agent between individuals [Reading] ➵ I Won a Spaceship ➼ Harrison Park – Ralphslaurensoutlet.co.uk forcing us to consider whether compassion is intrinsic to the human experience With his signature empathy and ingenuity [Epub] ➛ The Black Mask Boys By William F. Nolan – Ralphslaurensoutlet.co.uk Jesse Ball s latest work solidifies his reputation as one of contemporary fiction s most mesmerizing talents I ve seen reviews which discuss this as a future dystopia but for me it s a veiled fable about now Ball offers up a world divided and ghettoised, where the haves can kill at will, where the have nots specifically refugees and criminals released from prison are non persons without legal rights It s a world that lacks compassion and empathy, where language has been redefined so that the culture can embrace violence while still calling itself non violent, where fear and insult are common cu I ve seen reviews which discuss this as a future dystopia but for me it s a veiled fable about now Ball offers up a world divided and ghettoised, where the haves can kill at will, where the have nots specifically refugees and criminals released from prison are non persons without legal rights It s a world that lacks compassion and empathy, where language has been redefined so that the culture can embrace violence while still calling itself non violent, where fear and insult are common currency It s no coincidence that a character is named Lethe, the river in the classical underworld from which the newly dead drink to forget what living was like How far is this, conceptually, from Trump s U.S or Brexit Britain where statesmen have normalised bullying, bluster, and boasting, where sexual assault or disabilities can be mocked publicly, where hatred has become legitimized whether for reasons of race, gender, sexuality, class or any other divisive marker There s a horrible recognition at the heart of Ball s world.For all that, the final and most powerful section for me is both despairing and hopeful as a woman who has killed finds that she is sickened by her own action, by what she has done, by what she is and how society has shaped her Her resistance is both annihilating and, I think, redemptive, if only in a minor, individual way Stark prose, pressing politics and a desire to shock us into moral confrontation makes this an urgent, unnerving read.Many thanks to Granta for an ARC via NetGalley The Divers Game is set in a future or alternative society in which refugees and other social outcasts are legally designated as subhuman They are left to live in cordoned off slums called quads, and if they enter the main city, citizens are permitted to gas them in order to stun them, knock them out, or kill them The citizens all carry gas masks and colour coded canisters They are trained from an early age to don the mask and attack with speed While refugees are considered non human, most a The Divers Game is set in a future or alternative society in which refugees and other social outcasts are legally designated as subhuman They are left to live in cordoned off slums called quads, and if they enter the main city, citizens are permitted to gas them in order to stun them, knock them out, or kill them The citizens all carry gas masks and colour coded canisters They are trained from an early age to don the mask and attack with speed While refugees are considered non human, most actual non human animals, in this world, are extinct.Reading The Divers Game is a truly unique experience The most similar thing I can think of is Nicola Barker s excellent H A PPY At times the novel feelslike a network of symbols and open ended metaphors than a narrative The prose skips along with the frenetic and ever shifting energy of children playing, and for the most part it sticks closely to the perspectives of children Across four sections, we follow two children from mainstream society a young girl who has been made the primary performer in a wild festival in one of the worst reputed quads a boy who is being chastised by adults after his friend, the son of a quad kingpin, goes missing and a grown woman who well, I will leave that for you to discover.By introducing us to this dystopia through the eyes of children, Ball reflects how our own societies accustom us to their own inequalities and cruelties and how we become active participants from a young age I think one of the questions he wants to ask in this book is To what extent can one ever excuse cruelty with innocence There are countless examples in The Divers Game of the line between innocence and cruelty, ignorance and malice being blurred both among the citizens and outsiders One example comes in the first part of a section entitled The Day of the Infanta A young girl, Lessen, becomes the Infanta , the central figure of the section s namesake festival She is put in a dress of apple red brocade, and larger than any dress she had worn She is given an army of chimney sweeps men with brooms And she is repeatedly reminded that you have to be careful what you say because everyone will obey you Just like that, she is given enormous power over everyone in the quad She immediately begins to fantasise I can make them do anything What should I make them do She thought about her sister, who was often very mean to her The day before, when she had been chosen Infanta, her sister had hit her as hard as she could, right in front of the visitors If Lessen told her chimney sweets to pull off her sister s legs, what would happen She imagined her sister screaming and trying to run away, and being caught, and lifted up She could also have the chimney sweeps find her father s shift boss and tear off his legs Now, that might be a thing to do He was always keeping her father late and not letting him go home Maybe he would be a better shift boss without legs Much of the cruelty of the young citizens appears to come from their indoctrination into principles a cruel society As for Lessen, in the quads, her cruelty is merely a mirror of the cruelties and injustices she sees around her We see her undergo a transformation that she can observe but can t understand We get hints, later on, of how her power develops and its consequence for the quad, but we don t get a full image, which brings me to what is, in my opinion, one of the The Divers Game s main flaws The four main sections are thematically linked, and we do see characters return Ball does a brilliant job of allowing us to slowly stitch together a vision of this strange society, understanding its laws, divisions, and jargon, and there are enough anecdotes, observations, parables, and ideas for his story to have a moral impact, to allow us to make comparisons to our own societies, past, present, and potential He leaves a lot to the imagination with respect to the world itself, which we have to put together piecemeal, and that is one of things that makes the experience so rich.At the same time, it feels almost as though we are forced to leave each section on cliffhangers that we would rather like to see resolved It is clearly a deliberate choice by Ball to create space between the sections and allow us draw our own conclusions Still, I felt dissatisfied There werestories to be told, and I wanted to read them I would have loved to seeinteraction between the various characters we meet.I ll end the review with a quote from the book that captures some of the clever ways in which Ball talks about his extreme dystopia while putting a difficult probe on our own and others After two young citizens encounter a man from the quads, one of them justifies the present social arrangement as if it was in the interest of the refugees and outcasts In the quads , she says, it s safer for them because no one can gas them Except for the guards Out here anything that happens to them is fine They have to be on their toes all the time You know that The narrator, representing society, goes on The girls behaviour does it seem cruel You have to understand, it isn t cruel so much as natural What is natural must be respected, must be wallowed in Isn t it so Why should they bother to care about someone so inferior It makes perfect sense that service of every kind should be given by those who can provide it Those who are ridiculous bear ridicule Those who are beneath notice are not noticed, and those who are elect are raised up As much as we like to think there can be fairness, it is really a foolish idea, one we ought to have done away with long ago Instead of fairness, there is just order and its consequences The best dystopian novels pick the themes of their time, extend them into the future and present the reader with an all too plausible nightmare society.Imagine a society with a refugee crisis Then imagine a society that responds to that refugee crisis not by rejecting the refugees but by allowing them to stay as long as they are physically marked so that everyone knows who belongs and who does not Imagine then that these others in society are stigmatised and often subject to violence Imagin The best dystopian novels pick the themes of their time, extend them into the future and present the reader with an all too plausible nightmare society.Imagine a society with a refugee crisis Then imagine a society that responds to that refugee crisis not by rejecting the refugees but by allowing them to stay as long as they are physically marked so that everyone knows who belongs and who does not Imagine then that these others in society are stigmatised and often subject to violence Imagine that the solution to that is not to stop the violence but to redefine the word violence so that it does not include acts performed against the quads as they are known because they live in special lawless and walled in areas called quads and only leave at their own risk The pats as the residents of the land are called carry canisters of gas and gas masks so that they are equipped to deal with any quad who approaches and looks vaguely threatening with no threat of repercussions.Welcome to Jesse Ball s future world.But Jesse Ball is not one to tell a straightforward story That would be far too simple Ball presents us with three stories and he works by impressionism rather than by telling It is for the reader to puzzle over the underlying themes and links.Two girls attend a school where they are taught about their society they are pats and then taken to a zoo by a teacher with a drink problem One girl goes in, the other stays outside Both experience an adventure This part of society is heading towards Ogias Day If you know your Christian Old Testament, Ogias Day is like the Jubilee without the godly parts cancellation of debts, establishment of equality and.Then a young girl is selected to be the centre of a communal ceremony in one of the quads She is given free rein whatever she commands will happen as she tours the area and the mob mentality rises Where the ceremony of the first part sought equality, and was feared by many because of that, here the ceremony creates a complete inequality a young girl has absolute power and is feared by many because of that We learn about the titular Divers Game which explores the connection between two local lakes and, as it does so, explores what it means to belong and the lengths people will go to in order to feel part of the in crowd.Finally, a woman writes a letter to her husband It is for the reader to work out who the woman is and I won t spoil the book by saying what the letter is about, but the woman is concerned about the consequences of cruelty for the life of the person being cruel.This, then, is a book to discuss with others What are the connections Are there connections Are the connections underneath rather than visible on the surface the title and the game might be a clue Are the connections thematic rather than plot hint there is no overall plot, really I write this at the stage where I have only just begin to make those connections and I know I have work ahead of me which I hope will be assisted by other readers as I get chance to discuss the book.I love that Jesse Ball doesn t write about a dystopia where refugees have been rejected and walls have been built to keep them out I love that he turns things on their head and writes about a dystopia where the refugees are allowed to remain and his logical extension is to a society that marks those who don t belong and removes penalties for harm done to them.mI love that he then presents us with several different stories about this dystopian world but doesn t feel the need to explain it all This is similar to my favourite kind of artwork that presents the viewer with an abstract, impressionistic image, or several images, but leaves it for the viewer to interpret.You have to be Jesse Ball to be able to imagine the world he creates You probably have to be Jesse Ball to understand how it all links together, but there is sufficient thematic connection made to mean that the reader puts the book down knowing that they will be thinking about it for many days to come Like the subterranean connections within the novel, this book lays the groundwork for some subconscious connections in the readers mind, the kind of thing that is likely to wake you up in the night thinking about it as pieces join together.As an aside, having just finished a re read of Deborah Levy s The Man Who Saw Everything, how awesome would an evening called Deborah Levy and Jesse Ball In Conversation be My thanks to Granta Publications for an ARC via NetGalley Thought provoking and in your face Jesse Ball is everythingWhat kind of suicide is it to kill in the world what you find in yourselfThought provoking and in your face Jesse Ball is everythingWhat kind of suicide is it to kill in the world what you find in yourself The Divers Game is the latest novel from Jesse Ball, the 4th of his I have read, and someone who is fast emerging as one of our most interesting modern day writers It looks like it s about a very violent society that pretends it isn t violent at all.It smells like licorice left in a hole.Source A hyena who searched Jesse Ball s house in 2018 and found the draft of this novel He said, we can welcome them, as long as we can tell them apart As long as we The Divers Game is the latest novel from Jesse Ball, the 4th of his I have read, and someone who is fast emerging as one of our most interesting modern day writers It looks like it s about a very violent society that pretends it isn t violent at all.It smells like licorice left in a hole.Source A hyena who searched Jesse Ball s house in 2018 and found the draft of this novel He said, we can welcome them, as long as we can tell them apart As long as we can tell them apart Many of them, wherever they were from, they had red hats, a kind of long knit hat, a red hat, no one remembers why, and so Garing said, This will be their symbol We ll tattoo the red hat on their cheeks, and then we ll know who is who Then we can welcome them.This novel gives us a a dystopian set up but one that draws, as Graham s review points out, on Nazi era ghettos, with immigrants and increasingly also criminals in theory, allowed to live in the host country, but in practice physically branded, and legally non persons, such that violence towards them from ordinary citizens is not considered legally, and increasingly not even morally, wrong Our morality is what we do Do you all understand that But if what we do ceases to be violence , let us say it is the same, but it is no longer violence then we are not violent we are no longer doers of violence.Despite thehistorical set up this reference to the pernicious effect of normalisation of behaviour is highly pertinent to our times gun crime in the US would be one parallel And in fact the author himself argues that to see this as a dystopia is to misread it interview from Paris Review linked below I don t believe it is a dystopia Dystopian novels are pleasant distractions for the beach, for the most part, with lithe protagonists and evil This is not that at all Instead it is a short speech about violence real violence that I have observed in the past forty one years It is a parable about that it s a parable but there is no lesson.The initial set up is over explained in a rather clunky set up, literally in a lecture But the novel comes in to its own after the characters escape the lecture hall and we experience other key elements of the society, both the rather terrifying Day of the Infanta amongst the non people, and amongst the citizens, Ogias Day, declared, seemingly at very short notice only a fee days earlier, for the first time in over 50 years, a sort of comprehensive Jubilee, although no one quite seems to know what will happen He said he heard on the last Ogias Day a lot of people died Everything turns upside down Freedom surprises people they don t know what to do with it People who have been paying back debts for decades and then the debt is just gone It makes them crazy, especially if they know other people who did fuck all with their debts And everyone s in the same boat What is that You could see why people would be mad Are you saying you think it s a bad idea No, no I mean, I owe some I ve run it up pretty badly You know, this job doesn t pay much I m glad for it to stop I don t owe anything, she said I still live at home I heard, she said, that it isn t just debt It s all bonds So after tomorrow, no one is married You d have to get remarried You have to reacquire your job Everything s started over It s a complete restart They have to explain all this That s why everyone has to go to the announcement points Can t be true I never heard any of that My brother says, he says Ogias Day isn t for us anyway It sfor people like you, people who own things It s a holiday to keep you owning the things you own interesting parallels to the political discussion on both sides of the Atlantic about writing off student debt, but also to whether radical reform is really about the preservation of the existing system The last section gives the novel a powerful close as we get the suicide note of the lecturer s wife we learned in the first section that she killed herself using the gas citizens are given to defend themselves against non persons , her actions triggered by what she, and her society, had become There is a permanent sickness in my stomach It is a revulsion and it is a disgust, and it is a disgust at who I am and have been who you are who we are together who everyone together becomes in this day and age.Recommended although not Ball s best work and how The Wall made the Booker longlist, and this didn t is a mystery but then how The Wall made the Booker longlist is a mystery in any case 3.5 stars as it isn t Ball s strongest work and readers would be better starting elsewhere.And there is a wonderful interview here between two of my favourite writers Ball and the brilliant Patty Yumi Cottrell to the publisher via Netgalley for the ARC I loved Census and How to Set a Fire and Why, so I had high hopes for this Like Census, it s heavy on the metaphors a future society in which refugees are explicitly treated as non human and the insidious but plausible ways that approach poisons our very humanity It s powerful conceptually, but I missed the heart of Ball s earlier books the characters feltlike pawns he was moving around to make his points than real, complex people It s a quick and at times horrifying read it s pro I loved Census and How to Set a Fire and Why, so I had high hopes for this Like Census, it s heavy on the metaphors a future society in which refugees are explicitly treated as non human and the insidious but plausible ways that approach poisons our very humanity It s powerful conceptually, but I missed the heart of Ball s earlier books the characters feltlike pawns he was moving around to make his points than real, complex people It s a quick and at times horrifying read it s probably worth your time, but it fell a tiny bit short of my high expectations Dive down You just dive down and find the hole, then it starts I mean you crawl For one pond to the other The divers game the part where you pull yourself into the hole is the worst Because from there you just have to go on You have to trust that the tunnel s the same as it was last timeThis book tends to be reviewed as set in a near future dystopia, one which imagines a societal approach to mass immigration and to undesirables that seems only a logical extension of current tren Dive down You just dive down and find the hole, then it starts I mean you crawl For one pond to the other The divers game the part where you pull yourself into the hole is the worst Because from there you just have to go on You have to trust that the tunnel s the same as it was last timeThis book tends to be reviewed as set in a near future dystopia, one which imagines a societal approach to mass immigration and to undesirables that seems only a logical extension of current trends I would add though that it is really also a very lightly imagined variation on past practices and lacks the real imagination of say an Exit West, even John Lanchester s The Wall to which book it is in every other way superior and whose Booker longlisting looks evenbizarre if one assumes that this book was eligible and submitted.Ball imagines a country which deals with mass immigration by admitting them marking them with a tattoo of a red hat to make their status as legal non persons a legal status change which became enforced as a philosophical one that violence perpetuated on the refugees was not just not illegal but was not even immoral In time the refugees were also marked by amputation of their thumbs, and given special areas quadrants outside of cities where they had a degree of safety in that citizens too forfeited their rights in what was deemed a pre civilised space Outside these guarded areas the citizens Pats are drilled in the deployment of gas masks and the use of poisonous gases to protect themselves against the dehumanised refugees Quads Over time the Quads are used to house other undesirables in particular criminals and the Quads themselves have rough justice enforced by bosses who have reached an understanding with the guards.Immediately one set of rather obvious historical parallels are clear yellow stars, non persons Nonperson status was required because it removed the moral and social obstacles for committing otherwise objectionable acts of violence, crime, abuse, and murder , ghettos, Kapos.The book has a shaky start the above information is rather clunkily covered by a rhetorical revision lecture on the history of immigration given by Professor Mandred and attended by two citizen girls Lois and Lethe Luckily I was able to follow the principles of the Divers Game., I assumed that this was the worst part of the book and trusting that Ball s writing abilities would be the same as in his last book, I was able to go on The remainder of the first part follows Lois and particularly Lethe on a trip with the Professor to a zoo to see the last remaining animals in the country We witness the arbitrary way in which they all treat the Quads they encounter and the Zoo itself is full of symbolism with a divide between dead and living animals, with the almost eradication of animals a reminder of their cruel and arbitrary treatment often neither considered illegal or immoral in our society Later Lethe is accosted but unharmed by a group of Quad children near some lakes The society is approaching Ogias Day a Jubilee style day where things are turned upside down and which is therefore unsettling to a society with the creed A world of tiers Know your place upon itBy looking down The second part is set in a particularly rough Quad and is largely based around a raucous festival there the Day of the Infanta where a small child is chosen, given the power to issue orders obeyed without question and required to administer arbitrary justice in a series of real as well as symbolic cases, before being herself subject to the judgement of the mob In contrast to the unsettling effect of Ogias s Day this day is greeted wildly by Quads, allowing them to enact their frustration at their status and the cruel justice to which they are normally subject Within this part we learn that the son of the Quad boss has disappeared we later find playing the Divers Game, a seeming analogy for the courage required to travel between two otherwise separate socieites as well as a link to an incident in the first part.Both the post lecture first part and the second part are written in the wonderful style I recognise from Ball s previous novel Census sparse and yet full of imagery, enigmatic and yet full of meaning.The third part is another change of style to a rather preachy style in which Ball s character makes sure we have understood the moral of the book that in dehumanising others we dehumanise ourselves It is told in a series of short letters from a Pat woman one we already know to her husband feeling threatened by a Quad she killed him with gas and immediately cannot come to terms with her actions and contemplates suicide OR PERHAPS THEY DO KNOW WHY MY REVULSION AT this place of our lives this society of which we are a part seems not to immediately admit an obvious truth the people who are ground to bits by our horrific thoughtlessness, selfishness, greed, though they may not know in each case why it has happened, they do not need to know These things have happened so often that it becomes clear a man like this did not die because of what he did but because of what he was We are the ones who have the privilege of having things happen to us because of what we do Not everyone is so lucky Overall this book while barelythan a novella and easily read in a single sitting is a quietly powerful and affecting plea to examine what the exclusion of the other is doing to the moral fabric of our societies One final remark I am sure it must be a coincidence but as Ball s last book Census was very similar in subject matter and style to China Mieville s The Census Taker , this book in underlying subject matter but not in any way style shares a lot with The City and The City Mieville is I think by far the most imaginative and versatile of the two writers, but the use he makes of his versatility in writing books in varying genre styles a police procedural in The City and The City renders Ball s the better read in this case.My thanks to Granta for an ARC via NetGalley I have attempted a couple of times to read a Jesse Ball book, waiting for the one that was right for me Ball is not exactly my perfect fit, he sof a literary impressionist while I tend to stick torealism With THE DIVERS GAME I was able to get engrossed in the world Ball created quickly And even though it isn t my perfect fit as a plot person, I really enjoyed the look into the dark world he s created.There are a lot of ways to mess up a dystopian novel, but it turns out Ball s st I have attempted a couple of times to read a Jesse Ball book, waiting for the one that was right for me Ball is not exactly my perfect fit, he sof a literary impressionist while I tend to stick torealism With THE DIVERS GAME I was able to get engrossed in the world Ball created quickly And even though it isn t my perfect fit as a plot person, I really enjoyed the look into the dark world he s created.There are a lot of ways to mess up a dystopian novel, but it turns out Ball s style is well suited to it He avoids a lot of the problems and pitfalls of creating a society that never seems real There are images from this story that will not leave my brain any time soon Ball jumps around in this book, moving to different parts of the world, leaving stories unfinished, giving youof a feeling than a strict structure, and it works well The basic elements of this world are introduced in some detail, though other pieces are mysterious even to the people living in it We spend much of the book following young characters who do not fully comprehend the world they live in, who can be callous about its horrors because it is all they have known The naivete and openness of children and young people makes THE DIVERS GAME all thegut punching when it delivers its hits which are plentiful.While plot people like me may find this book unsatisfying because it doesn t give you those typical beats, I still recommend it for its dark vision It s good to break out of your comfort zone sometimes and this is a worthwhile venture out into the unusual


About the Author: Jesse Ball

Jesse Ball 1978 Born in New York The author of fourteen books, most recently, the novel How To Set a Fire and Why His prizewinning works of absurdity have been published to acclaim in many parts of the world and translated intothan a dozen languages The recipient of the Paris Review s Plimpton Prize, as well as fellowships from the NEA, the Heinz foundation, and others, he is on the faculty at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago.


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